cr> NSA actively sniffing key Internet routers


Richard Moore

Date: Fri, 19 Jan 1996
Sender: Henry Huang <•••@••.•••>
Subject: FYI: NSA Articles in Web Review

Article 1706 of alt.politics.datahighway:
Date: Tue, 16 Jan 1996

from Global Net News


   [Want to know the easiest way... Puzzle Palace coauthor Wayne
   Madsen, in an article written for the June 1995 issue of Computer
   Fraud & Security Bulletin (Elsevier Advanced Technology Publications),
   wrote that "according to well-placed sources within the Federal
   Government and the Internet service provider industry, the National
   Security Agency (NSA) is actively sniffing several key Internet router
   and gateway hosts."

   Madsen says the NSA concentrates its surveillance on destination and
   origination hosts, as well as "sniffing" for specific key words and
   phrases. He claims his sources have confirmed that the NSA has
   contracted with an unnamed private company to develop the software
   needed to capture Internet data of interest to the agency.

   According to Madsen, the NSA monitors traffic primarily at two
   Internet routers controlled by the National Aeronautics and Space
   Administration (NASA), one in College Park, MD (dubbed "Fix East") and
   another at NASA Ames Research Center in Sunnyvale, CA ("Fix West").

   Other NSA Internet sniffers, he said, operate at busy routers knows as
   Mae East (an East Coast hub), Mae West (a West Coast hub), CIX
   (reportedly based in San Jose), and SWAB (a northern Virginia router
   operated by Bell Atlantic).

   Madsen says the NSA may also be monitoring traffic at network access
   points, the large Internet gateways operated by regional and
   long-distance service providers. The NAPs allegedly under surveillance
   are in Pennsauken, NJ (operated by Sprint), Chicago (run by AmeriTech
   and Bell Communications Research), and San Francisco (Pacific Bell).

   "Madsen claims the NSA has deals with Microsoft, Lotus, and Netscape
   to prevent anonymous email."

   "One senior Federal Government source has reported that NSA has been
   particularly successful in convincing key members of the US software
   industry to cooperate with it in producing software that makes
   Internet messages easier for NSA to intercept, and if they are
   encrypted, to decode," Madsen wrote. "A knowledgeable government
   source claims that the NSA has concluded agreements with Microsoft,
   Lotus and Netscape to permit the introduction of the means to prevent
   the anonymity of Internet electronic mail, the use of cryptographic
   key-escrow, as well as software industry acceptance of the
   NSA-developed Digital Signature Standard (DSS)."

   Is the NSA really snooping on the Net? And if they are, would that
   violate the agency's charter, which specifically prohibits it from
   spying within the US?

   "Well, Net traffic is routed from God knows where to God knows where
   around the world," says George Washington University Professor Lance
   Hoffman, a professor of Communications and Telecommunications Systems
   Policy at George Washington University. "So if the NSA is doing this,
   they could say they are not violating their charter not to spy in the
   US. That's the thing. Intelligent routers send stuff any which way."


Article 1711 of alt.politics.datahighway:
Date: Tue, 16 Jan 1996
Subject: GNN crypto article pointers


Date: Sun, 14 Jan 1996
From: Jyri Kaljundi <•••@••.•••>
To: •••@••.•••
Subject: GNN on Crypto

Global Network Navigator Web Review ( has their main
story this week on crypto. The articles are:

Spymaster meets webmaster:NSA's Fortezza: stronger encryption or Internet
spy strategy

The Seduction of Crypto AG: How the NSA held the keys to a top-selling
encryption machine

Familiar faces, familiar places: Look who's working to implement Fortezza in
the US and Europe

What's that smell: Is the NSA sniffing your email?

A back door for the NSA: Balancing the need for intelligence with privacy

Juri Kaljundi

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 Posted by Richard K. Moore (•••@••.•••) Wexford, Ireland
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